Agriculture

Why is organic produce expensive?

It’s not a marketing trick when you’re paying extra for eating organic

Photos from Andres Carreno/Unsplash and RG Medestomas

Organic food is proven to cost more—about 47 percent more, according to a study by Consumer Reports released in 2015—but that hasn’t stopped the global demand to grow to $89.7 billion in 2016. The hefty price tag, according to Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), is because of the more arduous production, the absence of synthetic pesticides, and better wages for farmers and producers.

ORGANIC PRODUCE MEANS LIMITED AND SLOW PRODUCTION

Organic farming is slower in production since it strives to keep the soil healthy by preventing erosion. This is done through crop rotation and natural composts like aged animal manure, green manure, and decaying leaves and barks.

In comparison, traditional agriculture focuses on producing high yields and fast market distribution. While the difference in yield between traditional and organic farming has long been debated, studies find that organic farming generates a lower produce yield over a longer period of time. Far Eastern Agriculture magazine estimates that a farmer who shifted from traditional to non-chemical farming yielded seven kilos of okra compared with his normal 15 kilo output, a decrease of nearly 50 percent.

Hindy Weber-Tantoco
ORGANIC FARMING DOES NOT USE CHEMICALS OR PESTICIDES

Traditional farming uses synthetic antibiotics and pesticides to repel insects and retain livestock health. Organic farming uses natural pesticides such as seaweed and neem plant extracts, which are not as harsh as synthetic pesticides. While this is good for the environment, it also leads to a greater loss for crops. “Because we do not spray our produce, they tend to be more volatile,” says Hindy Weber-Tantoco, one of the founders of Holy Carabao Holistic Farms, which has been producing organic produce since 2007 in Sta. Rosa, Laguna.

ORGANIC CERTIFICATION IS EXPENSIVE

According to the Department of Agriculture certification guidelines for organic agriculture, farmers have to spend a minimum of P50,000 or higher for organic certification. The actual price depends on two factors: whether the applicant is an individual or a group and how many categories the farm covers from crop production, livestock and poultry production, aquaculture, retailing, and more. The Organic Certification Center of the Philippines and the Bureau of Fisheries and Agriculture handles the certification process, which could take anywhere from three to six months—a lengthy period punctuated by several farm and process inspections that covers everything from storage to sales, as detailed by the Philippine Organic Agriculture. Once the certification is complete, farmers would have to renew it every 18 months.

MARKETING AND TRANSPORTATION REQUIRE MONEY

“We want to deliver our produce on the same day of harvest, so we invest a lot in the right packaging and cold-chain delivery,” says Weber-Tantoco on the distribution process of organic produce. While organic farms yield fewer produce, the goods still require immediate delivery to consumers—a costly and relatively inefficient marketing and distribution chain, observes FAO, since the relatively small volume of produce means less profits compared to crop volumes from traditional farms.

Holy Carabao Farm
BETTER WAGES FOR FARMERS

Organic agricultural practices are not just based on principles of health, ecology, and care, according to FAO, but also fairness, which emphasizes that everyone in organic agriculture such as farmers, workers, traders, distributors, and consumers, should be treated with equality.

“Our farmers get double or more what they would probably get in conventional farms,” says Weber-Tantoco. “We also give all the legal benefits and other extras we choose to share. Farmers who farm and sell conventional produce sell their produce by the truckloads and get a few pesos per kilo for their produce. It’s the middle man that names the price.”

While organic food costs higher than regular produce (see the chart below for a comparison of the price differences), Weber-Tantoco, who is an advocate of organic food, says that anyone who decides to eat organic should not base their decision on pricing alone.

“The number one thing is to know your farmer. Do your research. Visit their farms. Get to know their back story,” she says. “Do not let price be the only determining factor. Put your money where you know you are getting the healthiest food possible.

“I always tell our customers that they are free to visit our farm and see for themselves what we do. We even teach workshops on how to grow their own food so they can save a little bit on their grocery budget.”

    
ProductQuantity/WeightRegular produce priceOrganic produce price
Vegetables
Cauliflower500 gramsP92.50P155 - P170
Baguio beans500 gramsP41P90
Carrots500 gramsP46P54 - P128
Cucumber500 gramsP25P60 - P134
Calamansi500 gramsP36.50P110
Eggplants500 gramsP23P100
Tomatoes500 gramsP27P30 - P56
Red onions500 gramsP48.50P60
Garlic500 gramsP57P100
Potatoes500 gramsP44.50P100
Fruits
Bananas (Lacatan)500 gramsP40
Bananas (Saba)500 gramsP26.50P50 - P100
Seedless grapes500 gramsP171P275
Papaya500 gramsP20P40
Mango500 gramsP105P125
Avocado500 gramsP150P100
Lemon1 pieceP30 - P35P30 - P37
Poultry and meat
Eggs (Small and medium)10-12 piecesWhite – P90 - P93Brown – P125 - P199
Whole chicken1 pieceP159Free-range – P399
120-day native – P350
Ground chicken1 kiloP180 to P230P550
Ground beef1 kiloP200 to P280Grassfed - P580
Ground pork1 kiloP180 - P200Grassfed lean – P480 - P590
Rice2 kilosP129 - P205Red rice – P219 - P232
Brown rice – P155 – P250
Dairy
Butter200 to 225 gramsRegular, unsalted – P110Grass-fed cow butter – P180
Grass-fed carabao butter – P500
Milk1LP66 to P86Goat milk – P150
Carabao milk – P195
Cheese200 to 250 gramsP63Carabao milk cheese – P190

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