While their millennial contemporaries are out shouting YOLO, every single culinary talent here are past chopping vegetables and banging pots and pans in the kitchen. They are plodding away with their administrative duties or developing a new dish to add to the menu. How did this happen? Just 10 or 15 years ago, the model for restaurant kitchens was a rigorous one, akin to the military.
“The grunt’s job was to keep his head down, follow orders, and be loyal to his commander and his squad. Generations of chefs in Europe worked within the apprentice system, starting out by peeling potatoes all day at age 16 and rising—slowly—to positions as sous chefs and chefs de cuisine,” writes Julia Moskin in the New York Times in her article “Not Enough Cooks in the Restaurant Kitchen.” This is true even in the Philippines, where cooks got their clog-clad feet wet and stayed in the wading pool until they were in their 30s at least.
Now, it is easier to skip a step or two, with younger culinary school graduates taking on more responsibilities in a system that is set up to become more fluid than rigid, in order to keep up with the times. Several factors can be attributed to this sea change—there is an F&B boom, where new restaurants are sprouting up all over the metro, so all gaps need to be filled with eager minds and nimble hands.
Does the rise of the new guard have an impact on the industry? It’s a largely positive one, we are told by the interviewees and their employers.
There are more culinary schools too, and their grads go out into the world with industry knowledge that took older chefs a stint of studying abroad or apprenticing with local masters for a longer time before they became worthy of their toques.
Does the rise of the new guard have an impact on the industry? It’s a largely positive one, we are told by the interviewees and their employers, as it helps bring out fresh ideas to a growing clamor for dishes that are imaginative and restaurants that can make local dining concepts more competitive with their global counterparts.
Raphael Cristobal, head chef at Purple Yam Malate, has the makings of a celebrity chef. The 25-year-old is good-looking, with an easy smile and a rather self-deprecating sense of humor. A graduate of culinary studies at the De La Salle-College of St. Benilde, he worked for a bunch of shops that showed little of what he was really capable of, from a restaurant in Michigan in the US to a short-lived joint he and his cousin set up in the south. Then came the gig that finally showed off his stripes.
“My college instructor asked if I wanted to help out in setting up a concept. I thought it was for their catering, only realizing later on that it was for a restaurant. We were eight in the group. Our head chef was Joseph Galvez, who asked me if I wanted to become his sous chef, I said, ‘Yeah sure.’” He laughs. “It was that casual.”
“When they interviewed us, they explained what they were planning to do at Purple Yam. It is about locally sourced ingredients, which is very good to know, because even when I was in culinary school, I was already thinking of focusing on local cuisine,” Rap Cristobal explains.
However casual it was, he understood the responsibility that he took on, and handled it with a great amount of Filipino pride. “When they interviewed us, they explained what they were planning to do at Purple Yam. It is about locally sourced ingredients, which is very good to know, because even when I was in culinary school, I was already thinking of focusing on local cuisine,” he explains.
He has been head chef for a year and a half now, taking over when Galvez left. Cristobal talks about his responsibilities. “We work by reservation, which is easier, but also a bit hard in a way. I personally do the marketing in the morning, and I like it because I know how to handle the inventory. I also cook, because we are not that busy in the office.” He also talks about cleaning up and washing pots and pans alongside the rest of the staff. “Ayaw ko ng puro utos lang,” he quips.
He talks at length about Romy and Amy Besa, his Manhattan-based bosses. “When chef Romy is here, he does everything on the menu, even the buying. As much as possible, we just follow him on what he wants to serve. Amy is here more often and what she does is to handle the management side and critiques the menu.”
He describes their kitchen as basically autonomous from the noted NY Purple Yam. “When they are not here, I do the menu myself, basing dishes on their book or developing dishes to the approval of the staff and sometimes from the bosses in New York.”
When asked how busy he is, his answer is a hearty laugh. “My day starts out at 6 a.m. and ends at 10 p.m. every day except Monday.” Even so, the most stressful part of his job is working with people. “Iba-iba ang ugali ng tao and it is hard to just tell people what to do. As much as possible, I want people to learn. There are those who just nod their heads when you talk to them pero ayaw naman matuto,” he shares.
He has had problems in the past when it comes to the age difference with the people he worked with. “There was a time na muntik akong makipag-suntukan in my former job,” he chuckles. “The kitchen is a stressful place. It is hot and tensions rise. At the end of the day, just make it a point to think about what you did and if you did something wrong, apologize.”
Editor’s note: Cristobal has since left his post at Purple Yam Malate and now heads his new venture Crouching Mama.
Hail the queen
It was quite amusing to discover that the sous chef for a restaurant named Hey Handsome is a young lady whose soft, cheery voice belies her authority.
“In college, I didn’t know what course to take, so I went for HRM focusing on the culinary track,” says Queenee Vilar, 23. She went for an internship abroad and was invited to work there, but she missed home and the millennial in her had doubts. “Is this really life?” she pondered. She went home to check out what was new and was disillusioned once more. “The hotel I worked in took me as a trainee, then extended my contract but did not pay me wages.” It was a good thing that she eventually found her way to Your Local, the restaurant concept under the same group as Hey Handsome.
“I was lucky that Nicco (Santos) found me and gave me an opportunity,” she smiles. She started out as one of the “lines” and her enthusiasm did not go unnoticed. “I was just having fun,” Vilar says. She willingly took on responsibilities that were above and beyond her assigned duties. “I love organizing and making sure that everything was consistent every day so I started looking into the operations side of the restaurant.”
Her work day chalks up long hours and she sometimes gets by on four hours of sleep. When it comes to managing people older than she is, Quenee Vilar reminds herself of what her dad advised: “Think of them as your children. Kung paano kami sa iyo, that’s how you should be with them.”
When she was promoted to sous chef, she was surprised and hesitant. “I asked myself if I really deserved the promotion.” This strengthened her resolve not to let her boss down. Her age and gender may have raised eyebrows, but she quickly proved to be worth her salt.
Her work day chalks up long hours and she sometimes gets by on four hours of sleep. When it comes to managing people older than she is, Vilar reminds herself of what her dad advised: “Think of them as your children. Kung paano kami sa iyo, that’s how you should be with them.” This leads her to finding a compromise with people her senior and putting herself in their shoes.
When she worked in another country, she once found herself on the receiving end of an angry tirade. She does not want to do the same with her staff. “I try to be humble and approachable. To be an effective sous chef, technical-wise hindi na masyado kailangan because it is assumed that you have already gone through that in school. It’s about building teamwork that is more important. You lead by example, you also have to be all-in-one.”
The advocating apprentice
Everything about Toyo Eatery’s 25-year-old sous chef John Paul “JP” Cruz seems intense. One would swear that the lean and long-haired young man looks like he belongs in a sepia-colored celluloid world. This is probably one of the reasons why he fits in so well with the concept of the restaurant he works for, which has an edgy appeal to its Filipino cuisine.
The ISCAHM graduate first started out in hotel kitchens and was invited by former schoolmate Jordy Navarra to join his first concept, Black Sheep. He says that since the team basically transferred to Toyo Eatery, there was not much pressure on him because they had already built a solid foundation.
He likes this job better at the restaurant than with the hotels he has worked in before because he feels that he has broken out of the cookie-cutter mold. “Sobrang daming tao sa hotel, and the hierarchy is stricter. I don’t like the feeling that the food is mass-produced. Here, I get to play with the food. Jordy is also very open to ideas.”
“I think this is the right place for me. I have been hooked on Filipino food since I was a kid and what we are trying to achieve at Toyo is in line with what I want to happen to our cuisine, where we want to present something that fits into the bigger picture,” says JP Cruz.
His working hours are not enviable, as he comes in at 2 p.m. and goes home by 4 a.m. After service is done for the day, he stays behind to discuss the steps for the next day’s service. His days may be long and tiresome but he is quick to admit that he is happy and the stress is bearable. “Na-experience ko na ’yung being under pressure na hardcore, ’yung nagbabatuhan ng gamit, medyo wild ’yun,” he says. “That is why that is not the practice we do here. Chill lang kami. We have respect and trust, tao din naman tayo.”
Only in his mid-twenties, Cruz already gets to live what he has set out to do, something people his age would typically just be starting to discover. “I think this is the right place for me. I have been hooked on Filipino food since I was a kid and what we are trying to achieve at Toyo is in line with what I want to happen to our cuisine, where we want to present something that fits into the bigger picture.”
At the age of 24, Carlos Villaflor of Vask (now Gallery by Chele) is already seasoned. His movements are precise and the quiet intensity with which he runs the busy kitchen befits his stature as sous chef in one of the city’s best restaurants.
He graduated at 17 and took on an internship at Shangri-La’s Boracay Resort and Spa, where he rose through the ranks from commis to chef de partie in a span of three years. It was there where he met Chele Gonzalez, who would eventually turn out to be his mentor.
The head chef was so impressed with Villaflor’s talents and ethics that he offered him the under-the-chef role. “At first, I was not confident to get the position, but I have been doing some of the sous duties even when I was the junior chef. Since I knew what I was going to encounter, I decided to accept. You will never really know until you try.”
Villaflor doesn’t deny that his job was daunting since he was only 22 when he got promoted and some of the other staff were already in their 30s and 40s. “But I learned not to mind that because I made it a point to come to work and prove to them why I am in this position. I am also lucky that everyone here has a good attitude and we were able to create a good atmosphere.
“I do get burned out from time to time but my dad advised me to learn to rest. I have learned to ask chef Chele for some time off,” Carlos Villaflor smiles.
His youth did come in handy when he was given an opportunity to study in Spain for a month and a half. “Chef Chele felt that since I was going to be running the kitchen that I should be able to experience how he was trained before. I also went there to gather new and creative techniques.”
He recalls being shuttled between towns, tracing his boss’ roots from Juan Mari Arzak to Mugaritz, and in Santander, Gonzalez’s hometown where he had to prepare a collaboration dinner for 40 people.
“I do get burned out from time to time but my dad advised me to learn to rest. I have learned to ask chef Chele for some time off,” he smiles. “At least, at this age, I am physically fit to handle this kind of matter. I am also more reactive because I can think fast. It is good to get this kind of responsibility when you are young because you get to absorb more.”